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There’s no doubt about it. Acne is not very nice to look at, and it can also negatively affect your self-esteem. Both embarrassing and difficult to get rid of, acne can be a nightmare. When you have tried just about everything you could think of to get rid of it, you may want to schedule an appointment to see your doctor of a dermatologist. They may prescribe the best antibiotics for acne to help you.
There are different kinds of antibiotics that they can give you. Oral, gels, lotions, or creams. We will list the different names and types of antibiotics, and you will be better able to talk to your doctor about which you would like to try.
How Can Antibiotics for Acne Help?
Acne is caused by not only a build-up of debris under the skin, but also a bacteria that causes acne. Antibiotics can kill the bacteria that is causing the acne. They also help to reduce the inflammation.
You will probably be prescribed two different forms of antibiotics for treatment. One is normally an oral form, and the other is a topical form. These work together to fight the bacteria under and on your skin.
If you have mild to moderate cases of acne, doctors will recommend an over the counter acne treatment. They will prescribe medications when your acne is severe, or won’t go away with any other form of treatment.
Oral Antibiotics for Acne
Tetracycline works by stopping the growth of bacteria that is causing your acne. It also lessens the redness and swelling of acne, because it works as an anti-inflammatory drug.
It is available in a capsule, tablet, or liquid form. Your doctor may prescribe a higher dose at first, and as the acne improves, they will lessen the strength. It is also commonly used two times a day.
Medically known as a macrolide antibiotic, Erythromycin is used to stop growth of the bacteria that causes acne. It reduces the production of special proteins that the bacteria need to survive.
Erythromycin is commonly used for pregnant or nursing women as it won’t harm the baby.
Minocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, used to treat very severe cases of acne.
Doxycycline is also used to treat blemishes, bumps, and acne-like lesions. It comes in tablet or capsule form.
Clindamycin is used mainly as a topical antibiotic, but in severe cases of acne, it may be prescribed as an oral treatment. Doctors don’t like to give it orally, because it commonly causes severe diarrhea.
Side Effects of Oral Antibiotics
Because so many people have taken antibiotics for illness, their body doesn’t respond to antibiotics very well. This is because the body will build up a resistance to it. If this is the case for you, then your doctor can use a stronger antibiotic.
Your doctor may prescribe a higher dose at first, and as the acne improves, they will lessen the strength. It is also commonly used two times a day.
Oral antibiotics work best with topical antibiotics. That way, they can work to kill the bacteria inside and on your skin, for faster results.
They also take a long time to work. It could be a few months to see any results, which is why many doctors prescribe topical treatments, also.
When your acne is finally under control, you need to maintain the treatment to keep it less severe. This means that your doctor will suggest different forms of treatment, to get you off of the antibiotics.
Topical Antibiotics and Medicines
While topical antibiotics has much fewer side effects than the oral ones, they may not work as well in very severe cases of acne.
There are different types of topical antibiotics and medicines given to work with the antibiotics to improve their effectiveness.
Benzoyl peroxide reduces the bacteria on the skin’s surface. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory, reducing the number of whiteheads and blackheads.
Your doctor may recommend using it twice a day, about 20 minutes after washing your face.
It can irritate your skin, causing dryness and redness. It can also cause your skin to peel, or cause a burning, stinging, or itching sensation.
It is usually used for 6 weeks, to clear most of the acne, and then use as maintenance to prevent the acne from coming back.
Salicylic acid is used in combination with oral antibiotics to clear both pimples and blemishes, and to prevent them from coming back.
Prescription doses are usually for severe acne, but lesser strengths are available.
A common side effect is dryness and irritation of the skin.
Topical Retinoid Medicines
Topical retinoids are creams that are made from vitamin A. They unplug the follicles, and allow topical antibiotics to be able to work better.
Some names of topical retinoid medicines are Avita, Tazorac, and Retin-A.
Prescription topical medicines usually combine ingredients. This combination is a higher strength than over-the-counter medicines. You have to be careful not to get them on or around your eyes or mouth.
When you have very severe cases of acne, oral antibiotics and topical creams may be the only things that help you. Once your acne is under control, though, your doctor will recommend that you continue to use a treatment to keep the acne under control.
They usually recommend an over-the-counter treatment that you can use on a consistent basis, for maintenance for your acne.
Acne is hard to treat. It may take a few months to clear up, even with oral and topical antibiotics for acne. The wait will be worth it, when you see your face clear and look healthy again.